Settled in 1623, Dover is the oldest permanent settlement in New Hampshire, and the seventh oldest in the United States. The town was first called Dover in 1637. The settlers felled abundant trees to build garrisoned homes for protection, thus earning it the appropriate nickname “the Garrison City” which sticks to this day. The City blossomed into a quintessential New England mill town over time- but not after its lions share of calamities including a massacre, a great flood, fires and more that shaped the City of today. This rich history can now be explored through displays at the Cocheco Millworks, on Dover Main Street’s historic markers around downtown, at the Woodman Institute Museum, the Dover Public Library, through www.facesofdover.org and through guided history tours at the Greater Dover Chamber of Commerce.